The emerging FOSS revolution in Cuba

The emerging FOSS revolution in Cuba


Cuba is the rough diamond of the western-southern hemisphere. Intentionally neutered by almost 50 years of U.S. foreign policy, Cuba has still been able to create one of the world's highest literacy rates, provide free health care to all its citizens, and exports more doctors than any other nation. Now Cuba stands on the precipice of a revolution in the use and development of free and open source software. This will not only likely have dramatic effects on the internal politics of the nation, but also lead to Cuba's next significant export -- free and open source software.

On Valentines Day (2007/2/14) Richard M. Stallman (RMS) visited Havana, Cuba to address an international conference on technology. As reported in Cuba Embraces Open-Source Software he warned against the traps of proprietary software (security concerns, high costs, legal restrictions, planned obsolescence) and extolled the virtues and benefits of FOSS. RMS's message was heard, and heartily received, by the highest officials of the Cuban government, which is already focusing increased people and academic resources into FOSS development. Yes, Cuba is about to embrace FOSS in a big way.

For Cuba, the security issues is very real. After all, the U.S. has an openly hostile foreign policy toward it, and lest people forget, the U.S. has invaded Cuba at least once (Bay of Pigs), has a military base on its land (Guantanamo Bay), and has made multiple assassination attempts against Castro. Also, while being subjected to a continuing U.S. economic embargo, Cuba has to make do with old computers and software, thus is required to get the most out of its physical infrastructure, a capability FOSS excels at.

Cuba is following the lead of Hugo Chavez in Venezuela, who mandated the use of "Software Libre" in the government about 3 years ago, see here and here. But while Venezuela may have a headstart Cuba probably has the more literate, focused, and organized "brainpower" to become an open source juggernaut. In fact, its Cuba educational system that is in the process of allowing it to leapfrog every other country in Latin and South America. Cuba already offers free medical school education to people from all over the world (and specifically to African-Americans), and I can see it gradually offering free FOSS degrees too. Imagine Cuba not only being able to export doctors to the Caribbean, South/Central America, and Africa, but specialist in FOSS and IT too.

And this is where the Linux mantra of "world domination" may play itself out in political reality. As Chavez nationalizes Venezuela's resource infrastructure, it is the marrying of Cuban brainpower with Venezuela's oil power that could produce an IT (Intelligence Technology) economy that can become a base of economic development throughout the developing world. Throw in the access to Chinese/Taiwanese developed cheap computers, cheap memory/monitors from South Korea (Samsung) and Japan, emerging manufacturing capacity in Africa, and within a decade there may be a world where most of its people will never have used a Windows based computer. Now that would be a real World Revolution.

However, the use of FOSS will also invariably effect the daily social structure of Cuba, which is sure to cause tensions. The most prominent area of tension will be around the access, use, and control of the Internet. As a country under constant siege by the U.S., Cuba will have to go through the growing pains of allowing for the natural desire of its citizens to use what the Internet offers, while controlling its use based on national imperatives.

Ultimately though, I think the opening up of the Cuban people, and government, to the outside world, through the Internet and information technology, will be a net plus to Cuba. I think Cuba will figure out how to do it so as not to lose its political, cultural, and ideological identity, and can assimilate selective elements of global culture to use for its own benefit. In fact, I think Cuba has more to eventually give to the world than what it will receive from it.

Finally, hopefully in this decade, after the current U.S. administration is relegated to the history bin, a more enlightened and humanitarian policy will emerge from the U.S., which will allow Americans to share and benefit from Cuban software development. It will happen indirectly anyway, when Cuban software migrates into the international FOSS world. But when the creativity and ingenuity of the Cuban people is freely able to manifest itself via FOSS, the average Cuban's quality of life will only increase, as will their sense of freedom, and their connection to the global community.

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Anonymous visitor's picture
Submitted by Anonymous visitor (not verified) on

I enjoyed the article. Just one correction--Cuba is not in the southern hemisphere.

Anonymous visitor's picture
Submitted by Anonymous visitor (not verified) on

RE: Jabari Zakiya on The emerging FOSS revolution in Cuba

Online on: 2007-02-27

LONG LIVE LINUX! DOWN WITH CASTRO!

Having lived Massachussetts, I can understand Richard Stallman's leftist apologista's tendencies, however that does not make his trip to Cuba less hipocritical. By clamoring about Cuba's political system you are clamoring a regime who makes it a point to suppress dissent of any kind in the most repressive ways. A regime that has been talking the talk about being underdeveloped before the "Revolution" yet in reality has managed to make the country less developed than before the "Revolution". Stallman and others that support Castro are the Neo-Ugly Americans, portraying the Cuban populace almost as children who cannot know better and need to be "told" what to do, ergo per the Communist State's edict must view life as "four legs are good" .. " two legs are bad"

"Cuba is the rough diamond of the western-southern hemisphere. "
Cuba had been known for many decades before the "Revolution" as the "Pearl of the Antillies" and was trying to get its lustre back in order when the Castro brothers usurped the "Revolution"; with the result that it was sent back into the "Extremely Rough" category.

"Intentionally neutered by almost 50 years of U.S. foreign policy, Cuba has still been able to create one of the world's highest literacy rates"
Cuba had a relatively high literacy rate (85+%) and was well on its way to full literacy before the "Revolution" the main reason Castro put additional emphasis on literacy programs was to attempt to indoctrinate citizens into his mold, again "a la" the Animal Farm "four legs are good" .. " two legs are bad" i.e. tow the party line. It did not work; it does not work. But FUD and killing do work, ergo they are still in power.

"provide free health care to all its citizens, "
"Free" comes with a price, Cubans are TAXED AT A 99+% RATE and what do they get for that in medical care? ... hospitals that lack all the bare essentials, including soap, linen, medicines, toilet tissue and light bulbs, yes light bulbs! All of these "amenities" you must bring to the hospital with you and guard them with your life lest they be stolen! One tends to view these things in a different light when the "FREE" medical system kills your relatives as it has done to two of mine. Where do you go for redress? There is none!

"and exports more doctors than any other nation. "
What about the quality of those doctors? Castro has always been more than boastful (propaganda IS his favorite topic) than the reality has proved. Cuba has had a proud and distinguished "cadre" of medical pressionals for almost two centuries, yet in the "Revolution" your quality as a doctor is measured first as your quality as a "Communist" towing the party line, not your medical/scientific credentials. This has been very aptly documented by Venezuelan doctors who had to help Cuba out of a medical crisis in the early nineties due to malnutrition, of all things!

"Now Cuba stands on the precipice of a revolution in the use and development of free and open source software. This will not only likely have dramatic effects on the internal politics of the nation, but also lead to Cuba's next significant export -- free and open source software."
How can working on software which is open sourced lead to changes in the internal politics of a totalitarian nation? It can't. Slave labour has been the bane of totalitarian systems throughout the 20th century and it is the norm in Cuba today. Programmers in Cuba may work on what the state tells them to work on and nothing else, lest they run afoul of any of "CASTRO's LAWs". Cubans do not have the right to: a home computer, an internet connection, free association, cell phones, foreign magazines, foreign press, a free press, nor entering hotels in the island (these are reserved for tourists); nor contact with foreigners unless approved by the government, nor buying in shops for tourists unless approved by the government, ad infinitum on freedoms that we take for granted.

"On Valentines Day (2007/2/14) Richard M. Stallman (RMS) visited Havana, Cuba to address an international conference on technology. As reported in Cuba Embraces Open-Source Software he warned against the traps of proprietary software (security concerns, high costs, legal restrictions, planned obsolescence) and extolled the virtues and benefits of FOSS. RMS's message was heard, and heartily received, by the highest officials of the Cuban government, which is already focusing increased people and academic resources into FOSS development. Yes, Cuba is about to embrace FOSS in a big way."
The only thing the Cuban government embraces in a big way is CONTROL, PROPAGANDA AND MORE CONTROL!

"For Cuba, the security issues is very real. After all, the U.S. has an openly hostile foreign policy toward it, and lest people forget, the U.S. has invaded Cuba at least once (Bay of Pigs), has a military base on its land (Guantanamo Bay), and has made multiple assassination attempts against Castro. Also, while being subjected to a continuing U.S. economic embargo, Cuba has to make do with old computers and software, thus is required to get the most out of its physical infrastructure, a capability FOSS excels at."
Actually, the only time the U.S. has "invaded Cuba" has been during the Spanish American War (1898-1902) and in 1906-1907 to put down a small but loud rebellion (for example see http://historicaltextarchive.com/sections.php?op=viewarticle&artid=259). The Bay of Pigs was not an invasion but a fiasco orchestrated by Richard Stallman's senator's inept brother using Cubans not Americans. The U.S. embargo does not prevent Cuba from trading with the rest of the world, which it does; it is just that under the Castro brothers the economy is so mismanaged that the country has become impoverished and dependent on handouts which are harder and harder to come by (after 48 years of the same thing). That's the reason for the old computers and software, not the embargo. Taiwan, China, Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam, Japan, Korea, Brazil, South Africa even just about all of South America and Europe will sell them anything they want including computers, they just have to bring cash (which they don't have because the brothers Castro have wastefully spent).

"Cuba is following the lead of Hugo Chavez in Venezuela, who mandated the use of "Software Libre" in the government about 3 years ago, see here and here. But while Venezuela may have a headstart Cuba probably has the more literate, focused, and organized "brainpower" to become an open source juggernaut. In fact, its Cuba educational system that is in the process of allowing it to leapfrog every other country in Latin and South America. Cuba already offers free medical school education to people from all over the world (and specifically to African-Americans), and I can see it gradually offering free FOSS degrees too. Imagine Cuba not only being able to export doctors to the Caribbean, South/Central America, and Africa, but specialist in FOSS and IT too. "
Give me a break. Not that there are no Cubans with skills that may be applicable to FOSS, but literacy? Again, you stretch the Cuban government's propaganda too much. You don't really advance in Cuba unless you tow the party line, unless you are a good and "faithful" party member. There is a dearth of those that fit both categories i.e. of skilled in FOSS or general IT and are good Communists.

"And this is where the Linux mantra of 'world domination' may play itself out in political reality. As Chavez nationalizes Venezuela's resource infrastructure, it is the marrying of Cuban brainpower with Venezuela's oil power that could produce an IT (Intelligence Technology) economy that can become a base of economic development throughout the developing world. Throw in the access to Chinese/Taiwanese developed cheap computers, cheap memory/monitors from South Korea (Samsung) and Japan, emerging manufacturing capacity in Africa, and within a decade there may be a world where most of its people will never have used a Windows based computer. Now that would be a real World Revolution."
One can only wish all the best to any Cuban under Castro that want's or "is allowed" to contribute to FOSS, however, it's a bit of a stretch to marry "Cuban brainpower with Venezuela's oil" other than the fact that it is Venezuela's oil and (mainly) Canadian and European tourists that prop the Castro regime's economy these days. There are many, many more people around the world involved in FOSS and with the freedom to get involved with FOSS than Cubans who might be allowed to delve in FOSS. Although probably few nations have a population with as much FREE time since the Cuban economy is starving for industry that is marketable world wide (and which is totaly controllable by the government). Also, given the nature of FOSS, they will have a lot of competition. For that, you can start in Mexico and work your way down through Central and South America. That is real and that is now!

"However, the use of FOSS will also invariably effect the daily social structure of Cuba, which is sure to cause tensions. The most prominent area of tension will be around the access, use, and control of the Internet. As a country under constant siege by the U.S., Cuba will have to go through the growing pains of allowing for the natural desire of its citizens to use what the Internet offers, while controlling its use based on national imperatives."
Please do provide examples, not just parrot propaganda. No apologies, please! Where is the siege by the U.S.? Castro has aptly and ably suppressed all dissent via FUD, jails and outright killing and murder throughout the past 48 years (mainly with the help of the Soviet Union but also the world at large who buys into his propaganda). What are the national imperatives? Who decides that? Who decides what these are? Certainly it is not the cuban population at large that is deciding that, but a minority of 1-5% that belong to the Communist Party and Run the country a-la wishes of the Castro brothers. Should a "FREE" elecorate be a national imperative for any country but Cuba?

"Ultimately though, I think the opening up of the Cuban people, and government, to the outside world, through the Internet and information technology, will be a net plus to Cuba. I think Cuba will figure out how to do it so as not to lose its political, cultural, and ideological identity, and can assimilate selective elements of global culture to use for its own benefit. In fact, I think Cuba has more to eventually give to the world than what it will receive from it."
The problem is that you (and many others that buy into what the Cuban Government tells them) have not figured out is that as far as Fidel Castro is concerned HE IS CUBA AND CUBA IS HIM. And he (though he may be in his last year, or so) and his co-horts have only figured out how to make some in the world believe that Cuba's political, cultural, and ideological identity should be theirs and theirs only; even though the populace at large may be against any of it. Therefore, YES, AND HERE YOU ARE RIGHT!, Cuba may have "more to give the world than what it will receive from it" because what the Castro brothers want is for their populace to work for them as slaves who bring in foreign exchange to prop up their disastrous economy; so nothing external that changes that will be allowed! Remember the 99+% tax rate? that is real! Remember the lousy FREE medical system? That is real to every Cuban that has to live there as a Cuban of the lower class, yes lower class! Remember what those in the Soviet Union and those under them in Eastern Europe used to say 1) Here everyone is equal, yes equally poor, 2) We pretend to work because "they" pretend to pay us!

"Finally, hopefully in this decade, after the current U.S. administration is relegated to the history bin, a more enlightened and humanitarian policy will emerge from the U.S., which will allow Americans to share and benefit from Cuban software development. It will happen indirectly anyway, when Cuban software migrates into the international FOSS world. But when the creativity and ingenuity of the Cuban people is freely able to manifest itself via FOSS, the average Cuban's quality of life will only increase, as will their sense of freedom, and their connection to the global community. "
That enlightened and humanitarian policy was in place during the Carter adminstration (1976-1980). Today Cuba can buy food and medicines from the United States with hard currency. There is plenty of material online for you to find out what that has brought. These things have certainly not made life for Cubans any better because of the CONTROL that Castro exerts. Things have only been getting progressively worse for the Cuban populace every year since the "Revolution". The only historical binning necessary for real change in Cuba is the exit of the Castro brothers and their co-horts. Then you might have a chance to see some common sense in the governance of that land. If Cubans working under the Castro regime contribute to FOSS then the world benefits, including Americans.

Your misunderstanding of Fidel Castro's (and now his brother) grip on power is understandable and pitiful at the same time. HIS CONTROL IS ABSOLUTE. ABSOLUTELY MAKE NO MISTAKE ABOUT IT.

Jabari Zakiya's picture

Regarding LONG LIVE LINUX! DOWN WITH CASTRO!

Thank you for taking the time to respond individually to the points I made. Though I don't agree with about anything you said, at least you apparently read what I wrote and were moved to respond directly to them. I hope now you, and others, (and I wish people would not hide behind the cloak of anonymity when making posts), would also take the time to objectively assess my additional comments.

You seem to be particularly driven by, may I say, a hatred for Fidel Castro. Why? Should I assume that spills over to the Cuban people too?

The Cuban Revolution (not the Castro Revolution) freed the Cuban people from a corrupt former despotic government which allowed Cuba to be a US colony and corporate plantation, mafia stronghold, and rich peoples playground. Do you not agree? And because the majority of the Cuban people supported the expulsion of these oppressive entities from their homeland, a small band of rabid, fanatical, megamaniacal fascist "conservative" in the US have commandeered US policy toward Cuba, even though the majority of americans, and even secretly most in Congress, sees the policy as stupid and unconstructive. And the US policy has gotten worse and more fanatically rabid under the Bush regime.

You seem to ignore that it was the US that invaded Cuba and repeatedly attempted to KILL Castro, funded terrorist operations against Cuba (remember Louis Pasada, who the US won't turn over to Venezuela for bombing a Cuban airliner), pump propaganda into Cuba everyday via Radio Marti, ban most Americans from traveling to Cuba and using US currency there, imposed an economic embargo which has hurt US farmers more than Cuba, and in general, just acted like a slave master who's pissed because he can't get back the plantation he used to own. Tough! Get over it and GET A LIFE!

You also seem to ignore it is the US, not Cuba, who imprisons more of its citizens (2.2 million and counting) than any other country in the world, most of whom are Black and Brown people, doesn't provide any healthcare to at least 50 million citizens, and accessible healthcare to at least 75 million, tortures people with impunity, and of course, reserves the RIGHT to invade any nation for any reason, because it can.

You seem to forget it wasn't Castro (or Mao, or Ho Chi Minh, or Stalin) who said "the United States is the greatest purveyor of violence in the world" it was (assassinated) Nobel Peace Prize winner Dr. Martin Luther King (who was surveiled and harassed with US citizens tax payers dollars by the J. Edger Hoover run FBLies).

So, who is spewing propaganda? Me, because I acknowledge historical facts and their consequences, or you? I'm really puzzled by responses like yours. What has Castro, or the Cuban revolution, actually done to hurt you? Anything, other than assault your self-claimed sense of superiority?

But things in Cuba, and the US, are changing toward the better.

Cuba recently held a state sponsored film festival where open criticism was expressed about Cuban life. Of course, much of the economic hardship and harshness of Cuban life is a direct result of the consequences of US economic and foreign policy (the US also pressure other countries to screw Cuba too).

When the Bush regime goes, so too most likely will be the anachronistic US policy toward Cuba,

See these Top Ten Reasons to change the policy.

* The policy has produced nothing in decades
* Enforcing the policy drains resources from the war on terror
* The policy hurts American companies and American workers
* The policy is an assault on family values
* The policy infringes on the rights and liberties of all U.S. citizens
* The policy hurts America’s image abroad
* The Castro government uses our policy to advance its own ends
* The policy puts political interests above the national interest
* Important people oppose the policy and want to see it changed
* The policy stops Americans from doing what they do best

Please download the article off the website and read it. If you really care about the Cuban people maybe you will start to think about how to help them, versus revel in your hatred for Castro.

Oh, and before you get too giddy about the eminent demise of Castro, when he does die, the Cuban revolution and government will still keep chugging along. Again, it was, and is, a Cuban revolution, not a Castro revolution. And when the Cuban people are able to live and make decisions without the jackboot of American policy keeping it from rising and flourishing, it will begin to manifest its full potential. Now wouldn't that be a marvelous thing for people who value freedom?

And free and open source software will be one of the tools that will allow Cuba to grow and prosper. Like it is doing everywhere in the world its being used, it will also raise the quality of life for everyone in the society, whether they know it or not, whenever people use their phone, access documents, or listen to music. Like the air, they will feel its presence even though they can't see it.

Terry Hancock's picture

"You seem to be particularly driven by, may I say, a hatred for Fidel Castro. Why? Should I assume that spills over to the Cuban people too?"

Can't speak for the poster above, but I can read what he wrote. He blames the Cuban medical system for killing family members of his. I think it's safe to say that he is much closer to being part of the "Cuban people" than you are. I'd not be so quick to judge his motives or his politics.

I'm no apologist for American politics. We are not the free, democratic country we like to think of ourselves as being. Nor have we been great global citizens, with our hands in everybody else's business (like any other imperial military power in history). But to imagine that Cuba, or any other communist dictatorship is an improvement is absurd.

Jabari Zakiya's picture

It would be unfortunate for anyone to lose relatives because of medical mistakes or deficiencies. However, I doubt if Castro had anything to directly do with that.

But the writer's tirade against the Cuban medical system, and quality of doctors, is manifestly factually false. Unlike the US, Cuba has a true "health care" system (which promotes prevention and early intervention), where we in the US have a "sick care" system (the system only cares for and about you when you get sick). The Cubans, who understand the health of their people is a "right" and national priority, tries to keep people healthy, so as not to have to resort to expensive sick care treatment, which it can't afford to provide on a large scale. And the results are that the average Cuban is absolutely more healthy than the average American. Just recently Americans came in near the bottom in an international health/fitness survey. Do I need to go into the litany of the easily preventable maladies the average American is allficted with as compared to most other people in the world?

Again, it's interesting that when I make fact based assessment you (others) construe that to be defending/apologizing for Cuban policy, but when others make non-fact based tirades against Cuba that seems to be acceptable.

And what does Cuba being a "communist" nation have to do with the price of tea in China (oh, another "communist" nation the US doesn't seem to have any problems with anymore)? That ad hominem smear is at least 20 years outdated now. Better to site specific grievances of Cuban policy and actions than to impugn on the basis of political ideological purity, cuz the US ain't never been no democracy (slavery, genocide of Indians, denial of women rights, and on, and on, and on..).

Also this, every country and peoples have their good and bad, but where do they come out on the net side of the evaluation? Cuba would be a much better country without the deliberate and pervasive destabilizing policies of the US. So what does that then make the US? Does the myth of the US match its reality?

Lastly, because America has failed to heed this following wise observation, it has succumbed to it.

"Choose your enemies wisely, for you will inevitably become most like them."

Jabari

Anonymous visitor's picture
Submitted by Anonymous visitor (not verified) on

I used to live in a communist country. Comunism is rotten morally - there is no concept of individual freedom of choice, the state becomes uterly utalitarian - 'Do we need to murder another 500 hundred people to stay in control of the country? Fine! Let's do it for the greater good' was the communist mantra.

Only people who for ideological reason despise Judeo-Christian morality with personal responsibility of an individual for the action s/he chooses to carry out may say that communism in itself is nothing wrong. To me it is much like national-socialism (Adolf Hitler's ideology).

And really, not to see the similarities between the Third Reich and today's communist Cuba is what I can hardly believe can be embraced by anyone who knows the facts of both countries.

I would rather refrain from reminding what particular religious community (I do not think it included everyone in it, but the support was really strong) gave support to Hitler. I do not mean nominal Christians by the way (although many of them did support Hitler), less I might be accused of chauvinism.

Anonymous visitor's picture
Submitted by Anonymous visitor (not verified) on

Disgusting. I said it before, and I will say it again... what is good for software to be Free if the citizens aren't free?
This article is just a way to promote ideology.

Anonymous visitor's picture
Submitted by Anonymous visitor (not verified) on

"what is good for software to be Free if the citizens aren't free?"

Under capitalism you can have the best freedom money can buy, but if you have the $$$, heard of a wage slave ?

Anonymous visitor's picture
Submitted by Anonymous visitor (not verified) on

Do you think that people in communist countries earn a lot?? Wake up!! They often get next to nothing, and may be paid officially a lot but with no basic goods in stores it is a joke! Black market may charge unbelievable prices in those countries. I lived in a country like that for about 20 years myself. I can see radical islamists, ex-communists turned radical antiglobalists/ecologists trying to call things something else they really are to promote their sick anti-Western ideology! WAKE UP! Microsoft is not the nicest company there is but communism is MUCH worse!!

Anonymous visitor's picture
Submitted by Anonymous visitor (not verified) on

...that the people don't have the other freedoms in life. One can hope that with the introduction of Free Software, the tyrants will find their grip on the people slip away, until they've been relegated to the dustbin of history.

Jabari Zakiya's picture

Thanks, I'm glad you liked it.

But check out the full context of what I said, western-southern hemisphere.

So, I was shorthand saying, those countries in the Western Hemisphere (between the International Dateline and Greenwich Meridian) and below (south of) North America (Mexico on down).

Jabari

Anonymous visitor's picture
Submitted by Anonymous visitor (not verified) on

While I think it is great for any nation to use FOSS lets not make Cuba the poster nation ofr enlightnement. We are taking about a communist country that suppresses the rights of its citizens and subjects them to poverty through forced socialism. Lets look to other countries that have a concept of freedom that extends beyond the use of FOSS.

Anonymous visitor's picture
Submitted by Anonymous visitor (not verified) on

What a lot of nonsense those who are opposed to the 'Cuban' aspect of this article have written. It's the same old rubbish as usual, if it's 'left of centre', then it must be bad'.

Looking at the state of things now when most of the world seems to have, or be/forced to be adopting the U.S. way of living I really don't know how these idiots have the audacity (Not FOSS version) to write such rubbish! Cuba would always have liked to have been in a position to co-operate and co-exist, it's the U.S. who constantly stops this and exports nothing but unhappiness and dissatifaction.

Those that agree with the hopelessly rampant capitalism that the U.S. seems happy to thrust on the rest of us, are either extremely fortunate themselves (and would love to believe that it's all down to their own efforts), crazily blinkered, or uneducated rednecks who would probably benefit from a dose of Cuban education.

Hopefully FOSS software will eventually find itself used by the majority, that way everyone will be able to have a bite of the IT cake. Though I suppose that cake is something that the U.S. wouldn't be able to stomach.

Anonymous visitor's picture
Submitted by Anonymous visitor (not verified) on

Talk to those who have gone through the 'communist paradise' in P.R.C., U.S.S.R., N. Korea, and find out what the REALITY is - not what the slogans/propaganda says!! The only logical/human alternative to the US-style capitalism is NOT communism but socialdemocroacy of such countries as Sweden (in the eighties) and that has proven to be a highly economically inefficient solution (still better than communism which destroys economy COMPLETELY - and do not blame it on the US sanctions - read the history/economy articles and check the statistics).

Anonymous visitor's picture
Submitted by Anonymous visitor (not verified) on

Estimated Jabari Zakiya,

I live in Cuba and I'm just afraid of saying a word about that... Thanks to the big Stallman for being in our country...

So, I sign as the other one that knows how THIS work...

Anonymous

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