I often have to deal with VPNs, either to connect to the company network, my own network when I’m abroad or to various other places where I’ve got servers I manage.
All of those VPNs use OpenVPN, all with a similar configuration and unfortunately quite a lot of them with overlapping networks. That means that when I connect to them, parts of my own network are no longer reachable or it means that I can’t connect to more than one of them at once.
Those I suspect are all pretty common issues with VPN users, especially those working with or for companies who over the years ended up using most of the rfc1918 subnets.
So I thought, I’m working with containers every day, nowadays we have those cool namespaces in the kernel which let you run crazy things as a a regular user, including getting your own, empty network stack, so why not use that?
Well, that’s what I ended up doing and so far, that’s all done in less than 100 lines of good old POSIX shell script
That gives me, fully unprivileged non-overlapping VPNs! OpenVPN and everything else run as my own user and nobody other than the user spawning the container can possibly get access to the resources behind the VPN.
The code is available at: git clone git://github.com/stgraber/vpn-container
Then it’s as simple as: ./start-vpn VPN-NAME CONFIG
What happens next is the script will call socat to proxy the VPN TCP socket to a UNIX socket, then a user namespace, network namespace, mount namespace and uts namespace are all created for the container. Your user is root in that namespace and so can start openvpn and create network interfaces and routes. With careful use of some bind-mounts, resolvconf and byobu are also made to work so DNS resolution is functional and we can start byobu to easily allow as many shell as you want in there.
In the end it looks like this:stgraber@dakara:~/vpn$ ./start-vpn stgraber.net ../stgraber-vpn/stgraber.conf WARN: could not reopen tty: No such file or directory lxc: call to cgmanager_move_pid_abs_sync(name=systemd) failed: invalid request Fri Sep 26 17:48:07 2014 OpenVPN 2.3.2 x86_64-pc-linux-gnu [SSL (OpenSSL)] [LZO] [EPOLL] [PKCS11] [eurephia] [MH] [IPv6] built on Feb 4 2014 Fri Sep 26 17:48:07 2014 WARNING: No server certificate verification method has been enabled. See http://openvpn.net/howto.html#mitm for more info. Fri Sep 26 17:48:07 2014 NOTE: the current --script-security setting may allow this configuration to call user-defined scripts Fri Sep 26 17:48:07 2014 Attempting to establish TCP connection with [AF_INET]127.0.0.1:1194 [nonblock] Fri Sep 26 17:48:07 2014 TCP connection established with [AF_INET]127.0.0.1:1194 Fri Sep 26 17:48:07 2014 TCPv4_CLIENT link local: [undef] Fri Sep 26 17:48:07 2014 TCPv4_CLIENT link remote: [AF_INET]127.0.0.1:1194 Fri Sep 26 17:48:09 2014 [vorash.stgraber.org] Peer Connection Initiated with [AF_INET]127.0.0.1:1194 Fri Sep 26 17:48:12 2014 TUN/TAP device tun0 opened Fri Sep 26 17:48:12 2014 Note: Cannot set tx queue length on tun0: Operation not permitted (errno=1) Fri Sep 26 17:48:12 2014 do_ifconfig, tt->ipv6=1, tt->did_ifconfig_ipv6_setup=1 Fri Sep 26 17:48:12 2014 /sbin/ip link set dev tun0 up mtu 1500 Fri Sep 26 17:48:12 2014 /sbin/ip addr add dev tun0 172.16.35.50/24 broadcast 172.16.35.255 Fri Sep 26 17:48:12 2014 /sbin/ip -6 addr add 2001:470:b368:1035::50/64 dev tun0 Fri Sep 26 17:48:12 2014 /etc/openvpn/update-resolv-conf tun0 1500 1544 172.16.35.50 255.255.255.0 init dhcp-option DNS 172.16.20.30 dhcp-option DNS 172.16.20.31 dhcp-option DNS 2001:470:b368:1020:216:3eff:fe24:5827 dhcp-option DNS nameserver dhcp-option DOMAIN stgraber.net Fri Sep 26 17:48:12 2014 add_route_ipv6(2607:f2c0:f00f:2700::/56 -> 2001:470:b368:1035::1 metric -1) dev tun0 Fri Sep 26 17:48:12 2014 add_route_ipv6(2001:470:714b::/48 -> 2001:470:b368:1035::1 metric -1) dev tun0 Fri Sep 26 17:48:12 2014 add_route_ipv6(2001:470:b368::/48 -> 2001:470:b368:1035::1 metric -1) dev tun0 Fri Sep 26 17:48:12 2014 add_route_ipv6(2001:470:b511::/48 -> 2001:470:b368:1035::1 metric -1) dev tun0 Fri Sep 26 17:48:12 2014 add_route_ipv6(2001:470:b512::/48 -> 2001:470:b368:1035::1 metric -1) dev tun0 Fri Sep 26 17:48:12 2014 Initialization Sequence Completed To attach to this VPN, use: byobu -S /home/stgraber/vpn/stgraber.net.byobu To kill this VPN, do: byobu -S /home/stgraber/vpn/stgraber.net.byobu kill-server or from inside byobu: byobu kill-server
After that, just copy/paste the byobu command and you’ll get a shell inside the container. Don’t be alarmed by the fact that you’re root in there. root is mapped to your user’s uid and gid outside the container so it’s actually just your usual user but with a different name and with privileges against the resources owned by the container.
You can now use the VPN as you want without any possible overlap or conflict with any route or VPN you may be running on that system and with absolutely no possibility that a user sharing your machine may access your running VPN.
This has so far been tested with 5 different VPNs, on a regular Ubuntu 14.04 LTS system with all VPNs being TCP based. UDP based VPNs would probably just need a couple of tweaks to the socat unix-socket proxy.
The Ubuntu team is pleased to announce the final beta release of Ubuntu 14.10 Desktop, Server, Cloud, and Core products.
Codenamed "Utopic Unicorn", 14.10 continues Ubuntu’s proud tradition of integrating the latest and greatest open source technologies into a high-quality, easy-to-use Linux distribution. The team has been hard at work through this cycle, introducing new features and fixing bugs.
This beta release includes images from not only the Ubuntu Desktop, Server, Cloud, and Core products, but also the Kubuntu, Lubuntu, Ubuntu GNOME, Ubuntu Kylin, Ubuntu Studio and Xubuntu flavours.
The beta images are known to be reasonably free of showstopper CD build or installer bugs, while representing a very recent snapshot of 14.10 that should be representative of the features intended to ship with the final release expected on October 23rd, 2014.Ubuntu, Ubuntu Server, Ubuntu Core, Cloud Images
Utopic Final Beta includes updated versions of most of our core set of packages, including a current 3.16.2 kernel, apparmor improvements, and many more.
To upgrade to Ubuntu 14.10 Final Beta from Ubuntu 14.04, follow these instructions:
The Ubuntu 14.04 Final Beta images can be downloaded at:
http://releases.ubuntu.com/14.10/ (Ubuntu and Ubuntu Server)
Additional images can be found at the following links:
http://cloud-images.ubuntu.com/releases/14.10/beta-2/ (Cloud Images)
http://cdimage.ubuntu.com/releases/14.10/beta-2/ (Community Supported)
The full release notes for Ubuntu 14.10 Final Beta can be found at:
Kubuntu is the KDE based flavour of Ubuntu. It uses the Plasma desktop and includes a wide selection of tools from the KDE project.
The Final Beta images can be downloaded at: http://cdimage.ubuntu.com/kubuntu/releases/14.10/beta-2/
More information on Kubuntu Final Beta can be found here: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/UtopicUnicorn/Beta2/KubuntuLubuntu
Lubuntu is a flavor of Ubuntu that targets to be lighter, less resource hungry and more energy-efficient by using lightweight applications and LXDE, The Lightweight X11 Desktop Environment, as its default GUI.
The Final Beta images can be downloaded at: http://cdimage.ubuntu.com/lubuntu/releases/14.10/beta-2/Ubuntu GNOME
Ubuntu GNOME is a flavor of Ubuntu featuring the GNOME desktop environment.
The Final Beta images can be downloaded at: http://cdimage.ubuntu.com/ubuntu-gnome/releases/14.10/beta-2/
More information on Ubuntu GNOME Final Beta can be found here: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/UtopicUnicorn/Beta2/UbuntuGNOMEUbuntuKylin
UbuntuKylin is a flavor of Ubuntu that is more suitable for Chinese users.
The Final Beta images can be downloaded at: http://cdimage.ubuntu.com/ubuntukylin/releases/14.10/beta-2/Ubuntu Studio
Ubuntu Studio is a flavor of Ubuntu that provides a full range of multimedia content creation applications for each key workflows: audio, graphics, video, photography and publishing.
The Final Beta images can be downloaded at: http://cdimage.ubuntu.com/ubuntustudio/releases/14.10/beta-2/Xubuntu
Xubuntu is a flavor of Ubuntu that comes with Xfce, which is a stable, light and configurable desktop environment.
The Final Beta images can be downloaded at: http://cdimage.ubuntu.com/xubuntu/releases/14.10/beta-2/
Regular daily images for Ubuntu can be found at: http://cdimage.ubuntu.com
Ubuntu is a full-featured Linux distribution for clients, servers and clouds, with a fast and easy installation and regular releases. A tightly-integrated selection of excellent applications is included, and an incredible variety of add-on software is just a few clicks away.
Professional technical support is available from Canonical Limited and hundreds of other companies around the world. For more information about support, visit http://www.ubuntu.com/support
If you would like to help shape Ubuntu, take a look at the list of ways you can participate at: http://www.ubuntu.com/community/participate
Your comments, bug reports, patches and suggestions really help us to improve this and future releases of Ubuntu. Instructions can be ound at: https://help.ubuntu.com/community/ReportingBugs
You can find out more about Ubuntu and about this beta release on our website, IRC channel and wiki.
To sign up for future Ubuntu announcements, please subscribe to Ubuntu’s very low volume announcement list at:
Originally posted to the ubuntu-announce mailing list on Fri Sep 26 02:30:26 UTC 2014 by Adam Conrad
* Command & Conquer
* How-To : Install Oracle, LibreOffice, and dmc4che.
* Graphics : GIMP Perspective Clone Tool and Inkscape.
* Linux Labs: Kodi/XBMC, and Compiling a Kernel Pt.2
plus: News, Q&A, Ubuntu Games, and soooo much more.
Grab it while it’s hot
LEGO. There, now I have your attention.
The LEGO Neighborhood Book is another addition to the series of cool LEGO books published by No Starch Press. In it, you find a set of instructions for building anything from small features like furniture or traffic lights to large things like buildings to populate an entire neighborhood. Unlike the creations of my youth, these buildings are detailed structures. Gone are the standard, boxy things I used to make. Replacing them are fancy window frames, building mouldings, and seriously beautiful architectural touches. In fact, many of those features are discussed and described, giving a context for the builder to understand a little bit about them. Also included are instructions for creating different types of features to put in those buildings. Everything from art work to plants to kitchen appliances is in there.
I’ve said so much about the books in this series, and it all holds true here, too. Part of me feels bad for the short review here, but the other part of me hates to repeat myself. In this instance, the praise of the past still applies. If you are a LEGO enthusiast, this is worthy of your consideration. Pick it up and take a look.
Many a times I get asked which version of Ubuntu I use to develop and test Ubuntu Touch apps or even which device I run my stuff on. So I figured that it would be interesting to share how I get around doing what I do and also at the same time share some tips that might help you setup your workflow.
I am going to start of with my needs which are,
- Develop core apps like Clock, Calendar and be able to test them on a phone form factor (amongst others) to ensure they work as expected.
- Develop test suites (Autopilot, QML, Manual Tests) which needs to be run on the device before every merge proposal to prevent regressions.
My primary machine runs Trusty 14.04 period. It is my main machine that I use for development and also for other important purposes like University, Personal uses cases etc, and I am not a big fan of updating it every 6 months. And to be honest it has served me quite well up and I don't want to pass that on.
My primary machine runs Trusty 14.04 period.
When I heard that the Ubuntu SDK wouldn't be updated in Trusty, I was shocked! I was so fixated on keeping Trusty that I decided to look for alternative ways of developing core apps while still keeping Trusty. So I naturally created a Utopic Virtualbox VM and used that for a while.
Disclamier: You have to understand though that it is a legitimate challenge to backport newer versions of the SDK to Trusty since it requires the entire Qt 5.3 which is a massive undertaking if it was to be backported.
That's when I talked to Zoltán Balogh and he explained things to me. There is a distinction between the development environment and the testing environment. So while it is necessary for an application developer to test his application on an environment that best simulates the real device may that be a phone, tablet or anything, the developing environment can very well just be any ordinary system (without the latest ubuntu-ui-toolkit and other packages).
This is done by integrating the test environment (Ubuntu Emulator) closely with the Ubuntu SDK IDE. In recent times, it has been a breeze getting the core apps like Clock and Calendar running on the phone and the emulator. The i386 emulator starts up rather quickly (around 20-40 seconds) and running your app on the emulator takes about 4-5 seconds. The SDK devs also ensure that the test environment tools like the ubuntu emulator runtime package, qtcreator-ubuntu-plugin are up to date on Trusty.
And as such I use Trusty 14.04 to develop and run all core apps.2. Test suites for Core Apps
This one is a bit tricky and is part of the reason why I cannot have one universal golden device to work with. Test suites are an important part of the core apps development process. If your merge proposal doesn't pass the tests, then it certainly will not be accepted. As a result it is important that your testing environment is able to run the test suite to verify that you are aren't introducing any regressions.
With Autopilot tests this isn't so much of an issue since with the help of autopkgtests, running tests on the device is quite simple. However as of now, I haven't found a way to run QML tests on the device or emulator despite my best attempts at it. If you do find a way please do answer it here and you would be my hero :D. As a result the next best environment is the development environment. However since Trusty isn't getting the latest SDK which is required for running the tests, I was rather stuck with a Virtualbox VM (which I hate since they are awfully slow and heavy).
As usual, I did what I do best which is to go and complain about that on IRC :P. That's when Sergio Schvezov introduced me to LXC Containers. I had absolutely no idea about them at the time. If I were to describe LXC Containers in a few words it would be,
"LXC Containers are schroots on steroids. They allow you to have any distro's environment without the unnecessary overhead of the desktop shell, linux kernel etc.."
So they are somewhat like the smarter cousins of Virtualbox VMs which requires a hefty amount of resources to run. If you are interested in reading more about LXC then I highly recommend that you take a look at this. If you want a shorter version of how to apply that for Ubuntu Touch development, you will have to wait for my next post :-) which will be about setting up LXC containers and installing the Ubuntu SDK in it.Summary
As a 3rd party app dev, you should be able to do pretty much everything related to developing Ubuntu Touch apps on Trusty 14.04 LTS. Don't let anyone convince you otherwise that you would need the latest release of Ubuntu to do that. If you are having issues getting your emulator up and running after reading through the tutorials here, please bring it up in the mailing list or on IRC at #ubuntu-app-devel, #ubuntu-touch.
If you are interested in the eBook, take a look. Valid only on 26 September 2014.
In meetings with the Braintrust, where new film ideas are viewed and judged, Catmull says,
It is natural for people to fear that such an inherently critical environment will feel threatening and unpleasant, like a trip to the dentist. The key is to look at the viewpoints being offered, in any successful feedback group, as additive, not competitive. A competitive approach measures other ideas against your own, turning the discussion into a debate to be won or lost. An additive approach, on the other hand, starts with the understanding that each participant contributes something (even if it's only an idea that fuels the discussion--and ultimately doesn't work). The Braintrust is valuable because it broadens your perspective, allowing you to peer--at least briefly--through other eyes.Catmull presents an example where the Braintrust found a problem in The Incredibles film. In this case, they knew something was wrong, but failed to correctly diagnose it. Even so, the director was able, with the help of his peers, to ultimately fix the scene. The problem turned out not to be the voices, but the physical scale of the characters on the screen!
This could happen because the director and the team let go of fear and defensiveness, and trust that everyone is working for the greater good. I often see us doing this in KDE, but in the Community Working Group cases which come before us, I see this breaking down sometimes. It is human nature to be defensive. It takes healthy community to build trust so we can overcome that fear.
Ubuntu GNOME Team is pleased to announce the release of Ubuntu GNOME Utopic Unicorn Beta 2 (Final Beta).
Please do read the release notes.
This is Beta 2 Release. Ubuntu GNOME Beta Releases are NOT recommended for:
- Regular users who are not aware of pre-release issues
- Anyone who needs a stable system
- Anyone uncomfortable running a possibly frequently broken system
- Anyone in a production environment with data or workflows that need to be reliable
Ubuntu GNOME Beta Releases are recommended for:
- Regular users who want to help us test by finding, reporting, and/or fixing bugs
- Ubuntu GNOME developers
For those who wish to use the latest releases, please remember to do an upgrade test from Trusty Tahr (Ubuntu GNOME 14.04 LTS) to Utopic Unicorn Beta 2. Needless to say, Ubuntu GNOME 14.04 is an LTS release that is supported for 3 years, so this test is for those who seek the latest system/packages and don’t mind the LTS (Long Term Support) Releases.
To help with testing Ubuntu GNOME:
Please see Testing Ubuntu GNOME Wiki Page.
To contact Ubuntu GNOME:
Please see our full list of contact channels.
Thank you for choosing and testing Ubuntu GNOME!
Ubuntu 14.10 (Utopic Unicorn) Final Beta Released – Official Announcement
The Xubuntu team is pleased to announce the immediate release of Xubuntu 14.10 Beta 2. This is the final beta towards the release in October. Before this beta we have landed various of enhancements and some new features. Now it’s time to start polishing the last edges and improve the stability.
The Beta 2 release is available for download by torrents and direct downloads from
- com32r error on boot with usb (1325801)
- Installation into some virtual machines fails to boot (1371651)
- Failure to configure wifi in live-session (1351590)
- Black background to Try/Install dialogue (1365815)
To celebrate the 14.10 codename “Utopic Unicorn” and to demonstrate the easy customisability of Xubuntu, highlight colors have been turned pink for this release. You can easily revert this change by using the theme configuration application (gtk-theme-config) under the Settings Manager; simply turn Custom Highlight Colors “Off” and click “Apply”. Of course, if you wish, you can change the highlight color to something you like better than the default blue!Workarounds for issues in virtual machines
- Move to TTY1 (with VirtualBox, Right-Ctrl+F1), login and then start lightdm with “sudo service lightdm start”
- Some people have been able to boot successfully after editing grub and removing the “quiet” and “splash” options
- Install appears to start OK when systemd is enabled; append “init=/lib/systemd/systemd” to the “linux” line in grub
reduce the risk of losing control of your AWS account by not knowing the root account password
As Amazon states, one of the best practices for using AWS is
Don’t use your AWS root account credentials to access AWS […] Create an IAM user for yourself […], give that IAM user administrative privileges, and use that IAM user for all your work.
The root account credentials are the email address and password that you used when you first registered for AWS. These credentials have the ultimate authority to create and delete IAM users, change billing, close the account, and perform all other actions on your AWS account.
You can create a separate IAM user with near-full permissions for use when you need to perform admin tasks, instead of using the AWS root account. If the credentials for the admin IAM user are compromised, you can use the AWS root account to disable those credentials to prevent further harm, and create new credentials for ongoing use.
However, if the credentials for your AWS root account are compromised, the person who stole them can take over complete control of your account, change the associated email address, and lock you out.
I have consulted companies who lost control over the root AWS account which contained their assets. You want to avoid this.Proposal
The AWS root account is not required for regular use as long as you have created an IAM user with admin privileges
Amazon recommends not using your AWS root account
You can’t accidentally expose your AWS root account password if you don’t know it and haven’t saved it anywhere
You can always reset your AWS root account password as long as you have access to the email address associated with the account
Consider this approach to improving security:
Create an IAM user with full admin privileges. Use this when you need to do administrative tasks. Activate IAM user access to account billing information for the IAM user to have access to read and modify billing, payment, and account information.
Change the AWS root account password to a long, randomly generated string. Do not save the password. Do not try to remember the password. On Ubuntu, you can use a command like the following to generate a random password for copy/paste into the change password form:pwgen -s 24 1
If you need access to the AWS root account at some point in the future, use the “Forgot Password” function on the signin form.
It should be clear from this that protecting access to your email account is critical to your overall AWS security, as that is all that is needed to change your password, but that has been true for many online services for many years.Caveats
You currently need to use the AWS root account in the following situations:
to change the email address and password associated with the AWS root account
to deactivate IAM user access to account billing information
to cancel AWS services (e.g., support)
to close the AWS account
to buy stuff on Amazon.com, Audible.com, etc. if you are using the same account (not recommended)
anything else? Let folks know in the comments.
For completeness, I should also reiterate Amazon’s constant and strong recommendation to use MFA (multi-factor authentication) on your root AWS account. Consider buying the hardware MFA device, associating it with your root account, then storing it in a lock box with your other important things.
You should also add MFA to your IAM accounts that have AWS console access. For this, I like to use Google Authenticator software running on a locked down mobile phone.
MFA adds a second layer of protection beyond just knowing the password or having access to your email account.
Original article: http://alestic.com/2014/09/aws-root-password
Amazon Web Services recently announced an AWS Community Heroes Program where they are starting to recognize publicly some of the many individuals around the world who contribute in so many ways to the community that has grown up around the services and products provided by AWS.
It is fun to be part of this community and to share the excitement that so many have experienced as they discover and promote new ways of working and more efficient ways of building projects and companies.
Here are some technologies I have gotten the most excited about over the decades. Each of these changed my life in a significant way as I invested serious time and effort learning and using the technology. The year represents when I started sharing the “good news” of the technology with people around me, who at the time usually couldn’t have cared less.
1980: Computers and Programming - “You can write instructions and the computer does what you tell it to! This is going to be huge!”
1987: The Internet - “You can talk to people around the world, access information that others make available, and publish information for others to access! This is going to be huge!”
1993: The World Wide Web - “You can view remote documents by clicking on hyperlinks, making it super-easy to access information, and publishing is simple! This is going to be huge!”
2007: Amazon Web Services - “You can provision on-demand disposable compute infrastructure from the command line and only pay for what you use! This is going to be huge!”
I feel privileged to have witnessed amazing growth in each of these and look forward to more productive use on all fronts.
A great way to meet thousands of people in the AWS community (and to spend a few days in intense learning about AWS no matter your current expertise level) is to attend the AWS re:Invent conference in Las Vegas this November. Perhaps I’ll see you there!
Original article: http://alestic.com/2014/09/aws-community-heroes
I bought a Cubieboard2 and I made a Lubuntu 14.04 image! Now, it's really fast and easy to deploy that image in a cubieboard2 with a NAND = 4GB.
Download the Lubuntu 14.04 image for CubieBoard2 here.
LUBUNTU 14.04 INSTALL STEPS:
Boot with a Live distro, by example, with Cubian into a microSD (>8GB) with these steps.
Copy this Lubuntu image downloaded into the root of the microSD.
Boot the Cubieboard2 with Cubian from the microSD.
Open a Terminal (Menu / Accesories / LXTerminal) and run:
sudo su -
[password is "cubie"]
dd if=/lubuntu-14.04-cubieboard2-nand.img conv=sync,noerror bs=64K of=/dev/nand
It's done! Reboot :) You must to have Lubuntu 14.04.1 running with 4GB as NAND partition. User: linaro, password: linaro.
RECOMMEND STEPS AFTER INSTALLATION:
sudo su -
- Add your new user (change 'username' for your new user):
- Set keyboard layout in persist mode (By example, for the Spanish is "es"):
- Set localtime (By example, for Spain local time = Europe/Madrid), in other way, the browser will have problems with the https web pages:
- Change password to linaro user or remove (logout required) that user (it's sudo and all people know this password, do it ;):
- Install ssh-client for connect by ssh or pulseaudio pavucontrol for audio.
HOW WAS THIS IMAGE DONE?
For this image I installed an official Lubuntu 13.04 Image from here, and I did this changes:
- Resized NAND to 4GB (Ubuntu will use 1.5GB; 2GB free). You can use a microSD or SATA HD as external storage.
- Updated to 13.10 and then to 14.04 LTS (Updated lxde* packages to last versions).
- Installed ntp, firefox, audacious, sylpheed, pidgin, gpicview, lxappearance and ufw (not enabled)
- Rewritabled and group owner for avoid ufw warnings: /etc, /, /lib
- Removed chromium-browser, gnome-network-manager and gnome-disk-utility
- Removed no password for admin users (edited /etc/sudoers)
- Created this dd image
(OPTIONAL) PREVIOUSLY BACKUP OF YOUR CURRENT CUBIEBOARD2:
Insert a microSD card in your current OS:
sudo su -
dd if=/dev/nand conv=sync,noerror bs=64K | gzip -c -9 > /nand.img.gz
(OPTIONAL) RESTORE THAT BACKUP:
dd if=/nand.img conv=sync,noerror bs=64K of=/dev/nand
Just a quick post to help those who might be running older/unsupported distributions of linux, mainly Ubuntu 8.04 who need to patch their version of bash due to the recent exploit here:
I found this post and can confirm it works:
Here are the steps(make a backup of /bin/bash just in case):
#assume that your sources are in /src
#download all patches
for i in $(seq -f “%03g” 0 25); do wget http://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/bash/bash-4.3-patches/bash43-$i; done
tar zxvf bash-4.3.tar.gz
#apply all patches
for i in $(seq -f “%03g” 0 25);do patch -p0 < ../bash43-$i; done
#build and install
./configure && make && make install
KDE Frameworks 5.2.0 Has been released to Utopic archive!
(Actually a few days ago, we are playing catch up since Akademy)
Also, I have finished packaging Plasma 5.0.2, it looks and runs great!
We desperately need more testers! If you would like to help us test,
please join us in IRC in #kubuntu-devel thanks!
A few weeks ago I was blessed with the opportunity to attend KDE’s Akademy Conference for the first time. (Thank you Ubuntu Donors for sponsoring me!).
Akademy is a week long conference that begins with a weekend of keynote speakers, informative lectures, and many hacking groups scattered about.
This Akademy also had a great pre-release party held by Red Hat.
I have not traveled such a distance since I was a child, so I was not prepared for the adventures to come. Hint: Pack lightly! I still have nightmares of the giant suitcase I thought I would need! I was lucky to have a travel buddy / roommate (Thank you Valorie Zimmerman!) to assist me in my travels, and most importantly, introducing me to my peers at KDE/Kubuntu that I had never met in person. It was wonderful to finally put a face to the names.
My first few days were rather difficult. I was fighting my urge to stand in a corner and be shy. Luckily, some friendly folks dragged me out of the corner and introduced me to more and more people. With each introduction and conversation it became easier. I also volunteered at the registration desk, which gave me an opportunity to meet new people. As the days went on and many great conversations later, I forgot I was shy! In the end I made many friends during Akademy, turning this event into one of the most memorable moments of my life.
The weekend brought Keynote speakers and many informative lectures. Unfortunately, I could not be in several places at once, so I missed a few that I wanted to see.
Thankfully, you can see them here: https://conf.kde.org/en/Akademy2014/public/schedule/2014-09-06
Due to circumstances out of their control, the audio is not great. The rest of the week was filled with BoF sessions / Workshops / Hacking / Collaboration / Anything we could think of that need to get done. In the BoF sessions we covered a lot of ground and hashed out ways to resolve problems we were facing. All that I attended were extremely productive. Yet another case where I wish I could split into multiple people so I could attend all that I wanted too!
On Thursday we got an entire Kubuntu Day! We accomplished many things including working with Debian’s Sune and Pino to move some of our packaging to Debian git to reduce duplicate packaging work. We discussed the details of going to continuous packaging which includes Jenkins CI. We also had the pleasure of München’s Limux project joining us to update us with the progress of Kubuntu in Munich, Germany!
While there was a lot of work accomplished during Akademy, there was also plenty of play as well! In the evenings many of us would go out on the town for dinner and drinks.
On Wednesday,on the day trip, we visited (what a hike!) an old castle via a nice ferry ride. Unfortunately I forgot my camera in the hostel.. The hackroom in the hostel was always bustling with activity. We even had the pleasure of very tasty home cooked meals by Jos Poortvliet in the tiny hostel kitchen a couple nights, that took some creative thinking! In the end, there was never a moment of boredom and always moments of learning, discussions, hacking and laughing.
If you ever have the opportunity to attend Akademy, do not pass it up!
Today I not only submitted my bachelor thesis to the printing company, I also released a new version of hardlink, my file deduplication tool.
hardlink 0.3 now features support for xattr support, contributed by Tom Keel at Intel. If this does not work correctly, please blame him.
I also added support for a –minimum-size option.
Most of the other code has been tested since the upload of RC1 to experimental in September 2012.
The next major version will split up the code into multiple files and clean it up a bit. It’s getting a bit long now in a single file.
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Be careful of headlines, they appeal to our sense of the obvious and the familiar, they entrench rather than challenge established stereotypes and memes. What one doesn’t read about every day is usually more interesting than what’s in the headlines. And in the current round of global unease, what’s not being said – what we’ve failed to admit about our Western selves and our local allies – is central to the problems at hand.
Both Iraq and Ukraine, under Western tutelage, failed to create states which welcome diversity. Both Iraq and the Ukraine aggressively marginalised significant communities, with the full knowledge and in some cases support of their Western benefactors. And in both cases, those disenfranchised communities have rallied their cause into wars of aggression.
Reading the Western media one would think it’s clear who the aggressors are in both cases: Islamic State and Russia are “obvious bad actors” who’s behaviour needs to be met with stern action. Russia clearly has no business arming rebels with guns they use irresponsibly to tragic effect, and the Islamic State are clearly “a barbaric, evil force”. If those gross simplifications, reinforced in the Western media, define our debate and discussion on the subject then we are destined pursue some painful paths with little but frustration to show for the effort, and nasty thorns that fester indefinitely. If that sounds familiar it’s because yes, this is the same thing happening all over again. In a prior generation, only a decade ago, anger and frustration at 9/11 crowded out calm deliberation and a focus on the crimes in favour of shock and awe. Today, out of a lack of insight into the root cause of Ukrainian separatism and Islamic State’s attractiveness to a growing number across the Middle East and North Africa, we are about to compound our problems by slugging our way into a fight we should understand before we join.
This is in no way to say that the behaviour of Islamic State or Russia are acceptable in modern society. They are not. But we must take responsibility for our own behaviour first and foremost; time and history are the best judges of the behaviour of others.
In the case of the Ukraine, it’s important to know how miserable it has become for native Russian speakers born and raised in the Ukraine. People who have spent their entire lives as citizens of the Ukraine who happen to speak in Russian at home, at work, in church and at social events have found themselves discriminated against by official decree from Kiev. Friends of mine with family in Odessa tell me that there have been systematic attempts to undermine and disenfranchise Russian speaking in the Ukraine. “You may not speak in your home language in this school”. “This market can only be conducted in Ukrainian, not Russian”. It’s important to appreciate that being a Russian speaker in Ukraine doesn’t necessarily mean one is not perfectly happy to be a Ukranian. It just means that the Ukraine is a diverse cultural nation and has been throughout our lifetimes. This is a classic story of discrimination. Friends of mine who grew up in parts of Greece tell a similar story about the Macedonian culture being suppressed – schools being forced to punish Macedonian language spoken on the playground.
What we need to recognise is that countries – nations – political structures – which adopt ethnic and cultural purity as a central idea, are dangerous breeding grounds for dissent, revolt and violence. It matters not if the government in question is an ally or a foe. Those lines get drawn and redrawn all the time (witness the dance currently under way to recruit Kurdish and Iranian assistance in dealing with IS, who would have thought!) based on marriages of convenience and hot button issues of the day. Turning a blind eye to thuggery and stupidity on the part of your allies is just as bad as making sure you’re hanging with the cool kids on the playground even if it happens that they are thugs and bullies – stupid and shameful short-sightedness.
In Iraq, the government installed and propped up with US money and materials (and the occasional slap on the back from Britain) took a pointedly sectarian approach to governance. People of particular religious communities were removed from positions of authority, disqualified from leadership, hunted and imprisoned and tortured. The US knew that leading figures in their Iraqi government were behaving in this way, but chose to continue supporting the government which protected these thugs because they were “our people”. That was a terrible mistake, because it is those very communities which have morphed into Islamic State.
The modern nation states we call Iraq and the Ukraine – both with borders drawn in our modern lifetimes – are intrinsically diverse, intrinsically complex, intrinsically multi-cultural parts of the world. We should know that a failure to create governments of that diversity, for that diversity, will result in murderous resentment. And yet, now that the lines for that resentment are drawn, we are quick to choose sides, precisely the wrong position to take.
What makes this so sad is that we know better and demand better for ourselves. The UK and the US are both countries who have diversity as a central tenet of their existence. Freedom of religion, freedom of expression, the right to a career and to leadership on the basis of competence rather than race or creed are major parts of our own identity. And yet we prop up states who take precisely the opposite approach, and wonder why they fail, again and again. We came to these values through blood and pain, we hold on to these values because we know first hand how miserable and how wasteful life becomes if we let human tribalism tear our communities apart. There are doors to universities in the UK on which have hung the bodies of religious dissidents, and we will never allow that to happen again at home, yet we prop up governments for whom that is the norm.
The Irish Troubles was a war nobody could win. It was resolved through dialogue. South African terrorism in the 80′s was a war nobody could win. It was resolved through dialogue and the establishment of a state for everybody. Time and time again, “terrorism” and “barbarism” are words used to describe fractious movements by secure, distant seats of power, and in most of those cases, allowing that language to dominate our thinking leads to wars that nobody can win.
Russia made a very grave error in arming Russian-speaking Ukranian separatists. But unless the West holds Kiev to account for its governance, unless it demands an open society free of discrimination, the misery there will continue. IS will gain nothing but contempt from its demonstrations of murder – there is no glory in violence on the defenceless and the innocent – but unless the West bends its might to the establishment of societies in Syria and Iraq in which these religious groups are welcome and free to pursue their ambitions, murder will be the only outlet for their frustration. Politicians think they have a new “clean” way to exert force – drones and airstrikes without “boots on the ground”. Believe me, that’s false. Remote control warfare will come home to fester on our streets.
Today, we worked, with the help of ioerror on IRC, on reducing the attack surface in our fetcher methods.
There are three things that we looked at:
- Reducing privileges by setting a new user and group
- seccomp-bpf sandbox
Today, we implemented the first of them. Starting with 1.1~exp3, the APT directories /var/cache/apt/archives and /var/lib/apt/lists are owned by the “_apt” user (username suggested by pabs). The methods switch to that user shortly after the start. The only methods doing this right now are: copy, ftp, gpgv, gzip, http, https.
If privileges cannot be dropped, the methods will fail to start. No fetching will be possible at all.
- We drop all groups except the primary gid of the user
- copy breaks if that group has no read access to the files
We plan to also add chroot() and seccomp sandboxing later on; to reduce the attack surface on untrusted files and protocol parsing.
Filed under: Uncategorized
I invented the word ‘umstraßen’ about 5 years ago while walking to Mauerpark with a friend. We needed to cross the road, so I said ‘wollen wir umstraßen?’, because, well ‘umsteigen’ can be a word. Of course it means ‘die Straßenseite wechseln’ in common German, but one word is better than three, right? This one is generally popular with German native speakers, so let’s see if we can get it into the Duden :).
This is a source and binary compatibility break since the 0.x.y series of Grantlee releases. The major version number has been bumped to 5 in order to match the Qt major version requirement, and to reflect the maturity of the Grantlee libraries. The compatibility breaks are all minor, with the biggest impact being in the buildsystem, which now follows patterns of modern cmake.