Using Bazaar on MacOSX is a cinch with Homebrew all you need to do to get started is:
1. In Terminal paste the following: ruby -e "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.github.com/mxcl/homebrew/go)"
2. Then install bzr from Homebrew: brew install bzr
3. Define where Python is using the following command: export PYTHONPATH=/usr/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages
Then you should be good to go!
The trendy way to get your investment capital these days is to put together a slick video and shove your concept on Indiegogo or Kickstarter. You offer some gifts/rewards for different pledge levels and set an overall funding target and then sit back as everyone talks about it and does your advertising for you for free. Awesome stuff. It has been used for different types of project, often for bringing a bit of hardware from a prototype into production, and the pledge often includes one of the products – but there is an element of risk to it, some are delayed like the Parallela (which we funded, still waiting for our two boards) and some like The Doom That Came To Atlantic City and Clang appear to take a lot of money and deliver nothing. Some don’t meet the funding target, the most spectacular example of this was the Ubuntu Edge which managed to break the records for the most money pledged and the biggest shortfall at the same time, which is quite a clever trick. I was contemplating backing the Edge, but I certainly didn’t want to put it on my personal credit card, I wanted to put it through as a company expense – it would have been an interesting toy for us to play with. Libertus is a VAT registered company, this means we charge VAT on things we sell to our customers, and we reclaim VAT on stuff we purchase from suppliers – it is a “Value Added” tax not a sales tax. We pay tax on the value we add to the goods in the supply chain. This makes a lot of sense in a products business where you buy raw materials, do some process to them, and sell finished goods, but it also works just fine when we sell services and buy assorted bits and pieces that are not strictly raw materials. The upshot of this is that as a VAT registered business, when we buy pretty much anything, we can reclaim the 20% VAT that our supplier added in the price. So, back to crowdfunding, I asked Canonical if I would get a VAT receipt for the £430 or so that it would cost me for the phone, so I could reclaim the £71.66 VAT (or offset it against my VAT on sales, you don’t actually get money back from HMRC unless something is going very wrong in your business). The answer was no, they don’t issue VAT receipts, which kind of makes sense, sort of. It isn’t a product purchase, it isn’t an investment (there are lots of rules about what an “investment” is, and this isn’t one) it is basically an at-risk donation. So I can’t reclaim VAT on it. On the other side, is it a sale? Does the supplier have to remit VAT to their tax authority on the sale. Well, probably. You can’t just wriggle out of VAT by trading exclusively on a crowdfunding basis. Tax fiddles don’t work, they can look at the substance of what is happening even if the details are a bit dubious. If it walks like a sale, and it quacks like a sale then the tax authorities will want their slice of the party.
The other twist to this is that the major crowdfunding platforms are based outside Europe, Kickstarter is in New York, Indiegogo in San Francisco. The USA has state level sales taxes, and no VAT. The platforms are a party to the sale, you pay your money into their account, it is held in escrow for a bit, then released to the project with a percentage fee deduction. How does this affect the sale, am I purchasing the gift from the USA? Is there import duty now? Does this exempt it from VAT in some way or not?
This week our friends at OpenERP have launched their own crowdfunding campaign for a retail Point of Sale solution, based on our favourite little computer – the Raspberry Pi, and some other bits of hardware.
This is a cool project, I have been wanting to put together all these bits for some time, I bought a receipt printer and barcode scanner for development/demo purposes, but I don’t have a cash register and I have not had time to write the ESC/POS driver for the printer. This project will do the driver for the receipts properly and it assembles a set of reference hardware that can be reliably supported by OpenERP, which means we can help open up the retail sector to Free Software from the point of sale through to manufacturing, logistics, accounting and everything else. In short, this is great, I want it and it is a totally legitimate business expense for us – but I would really like to know how we account for the VAT element. Normally for a purchase from Belgium we would do reverse charge VAT, we notionally add 20% to it, then reclaim that back again, so there isn’t much net impact, but I have no idea if I need to do that on a crowdfunding pledge. Do comment if you have any thoughts on the matter!
Alan Pope, Mark Johnson, Tony Whitmore, and Laura Cowen are joined by Dan Lynch from the Linux Outlaws podcast and Les Pounder from the Full Circle podcast for the OggCamp Live Show which, conveniently, is also the thirty-fifth episode of Season Six of the Ubuntu Podcast from the UK LoCo Team!Download OGG Download MP3 Play in Popup
In this week’s show:-
- We (obviously!) talk about OggCamp 13!
- We discuss whether we’re witnessing the decline of Ubuntu…
- We also take a look at what’s been happening in the news:
- Google are offering bounties for patches to non-Google Open Source projects
- Oracle have released a Paper entitled “The Department of Defense (DoD) and Open Source Software”
- There’s a Humble Bundle 7
- Ubuntu 13.10 has been released for desktop, server and phone
- Mark Shuttleworth announces the next release of Ubuntu
- Aaron Seigo of the KDE project has challenged Mark to an open debate on a podcast
- The BBC are going to put some content online first, before broadcast TV
- We thank lots of people, including the volunteer CREW and our lovely sponsors who made OggCamp 13 possible (go buy their stuff!):
We’ll be back next week with a bunch of short interviews from OggCamp!
Please send your comments and suggestions to: email@example.com
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I don’t know this guy, but he and I have the same name (which is kind of cool and weirding me out at the same time) and he is doing something that deserves some publicity. Here is a link to a Facebook page about his event and a copied/pasted/gently-edited synopsis:
[This other] Matthew Helmke was born and raised in Nevada, a proud Navy Veteran, having served our country in the Gulf War and now a cancer survivor. Last September, at the age of 35, he was diagnosed with Central Nervous System Lymphoma….brain cancer. After immediately having surgery to remove the cancer he began a grueling in hospital chemo. Every other Tuesday he spent 5 days inpatient at the Huntsman Cancer Institute in Salt Lake City receiving treatment. Just 3 months after his last chemo, he walked over 20 miles in his first “Relay for Life”. He wants to help others know that you can get better and step forward. He just passed the one year anniversary of his diagnosis. To mark this bittersweet occasion, he is walking more than 450 miles across the state of Nevada. Today alone he walked 35 miles with a 45 lb pack. I am trying to get his message out there to raise awareness, and provide encouragement for others on the same journey. He is truly an inspiration to those battling with cancer.
For those wondering, I was born and raised in Arizona and am in perfect health. Reading this story reminded me of the fragility of our humanity. Reading about my name-sharer’s persistence and fight to live is inspiring. Best wishes, Matt!
The Xubuntu team hears stories about how it is used in organizations all over the world. In this “Xubuntu at..” series of interviews, we seek to interview organizations who wish to share their stories. If your organization is using Xubuntu and you want to share what you’re doing with us please contact Elizabeth Krumbach Joseph at email@example.com to discuss details about your organization.
Back in September we heard from Chris Wiley of Techs for a Cause and were put in touch with Justin Henneberg to answer some questions about their organization and how they use Xubuntu. Justin replied with an exceptionally thoughtful and inspiring reply which we’re happy to share here.
“We are a small group of like minded individuals that have a strong belief in decreasing the digital divide. In other words, we are dedicated to helping others gain access to an essential part of modern life – a computer. We also want to do the right thing for the environment by keeping otherwise good computer components out of landfills. Working with computers is a hobby for us. None of us are employed in the IT field, and each of us have our own unique backgrounds. For example, one of us drives a truck for a living, another works in a local school district, and another does adult foster care with developmentally disabled adults.
“Our choice to use Linux was a conscious (and logical) decision since it is an open-source operating system, and we have no official budget or source of income. We chose Xubuntu in particular because of the large repositories offered through Ubuntu and Synaptic. It offers the low resource requirements that run best with the systems we rehab, and is balanced with more functionality and ease of use than some other distros such as Lubuntu.
“Personally, I believe in open-source because it is a gateway for innovation, accessibility, and equality. Open-source software is the future, as can already be seen by the explosion of the Android fork of Linux. Android had become what it is, because it is open-source. There are many great programs that are open-source, and they often are better than the paid versions because it is passion, rather than profits that drive them.
“A couple of final great things about Linux: You get the opportunity to learn! If you aren’t learning, you aren’t living. Lower virus exposure (not as many viruses are written for Linux due to market share) coupled with increased security measures. I truly could go on and on about the benefits of Linux and open-source, but so many of the things I would say would be redundant and obvious, needless to say I LOVE Linux!”
Learn more about Techs for a Cause on their Facebook page: https://www.facebook.com/techsforacause
Thanks to Justin for taking the time to talk about their project!
Release month is always a busy one for the web team, and this time was no exception with the Ubuntu 13.10 release last week.
In the last few weeks we’ve worked on:
- Ubuntu 13.10 release: we’ve updated www.ubuntu.com for the latest Ubuntu release
- Updates to the new Ubuntu OpenStack cloud section: based on some really interesting feedback we got from Tingting’s research, we’ve updated the new pages to make them easier to understand
- Canonical website: Carla has conducted several workshops and interviews with stakeholders and has defined key audiences and user journeys
- Juju GUI: on-boarding is now ready to land in Juju soon
- Fenchurch (our CMS): the demo services are fixed and our publishing speed has seen a 90% improvement!
And we’re currently working on:
- Responsive mobile pilot: we’ve been squashing the most annoying bugs and it’s now almost ready for the public alpha release!
- Canonical.com: with some of the research for the project already completed, Carla will now be working on creating the site’s information architecture and wireframing its key sections
- Juju GUI: Alejandra, Luca, Spencer, Peter and Anthony are in a week-long sprint in San Francisco for some intense Juju-related work (lucky them!)
- developer.ubuntu.com: we have been working with the Community team to update the site’s design to be more in line with www.ubuntu.com and the first iteration will be going live soon
- Fenchurch: we are now working on a new download service
Release day at the Canonical office
Have you got any questions or suggestions for us? Would you like to hear about any of these projects and tasks in more detail? Add your thoughts in the comments.
The following e-mail was sent to the Ubuntu Ohio community on Wednesday:
Ubuntu Ohio will have a meeting on Saturday, November 9th, at 8 PM. The agenda can be found at https://wiki.ubuntu.com/OhioTeam/MeetingAgenda2013-11 and additional items can be added below "Any Other Business".
Stephen Michael Kellat
Point of Contact/Leader, Ubuntu Ohio
A primary matter for discussion will be the pending draft Verification Application to be placed before the LoCo Council soon for consideration. Other matters will also arise.
Since I last posted on the topic of our communities future, we've helped push out a new release of ubuntu. Saucy and fresh, the little salamander is now out in the wild. With the release out it's time to move forward with these changes.
(c) Carla SellaThe beginning of a new cycle is always a time to breathe for us in quality and these past few days of relative calm has indeed been a welcome respite from the craziness of testing leading up to a release.
We can rebuild it. We have the technology. Better than it was before. Better, stronger, faster.
So, let's talk about some of the changes coming to quality for this new cycle.
I want to help our new members become a productive part of ubuntu quality as soon as possible. To this end I've created a list of roles for the quality team. By defining roles within the team it is easy to see how you can contribute as a 'tester', 'test writer', or 'developer'.
While release milestones and calls for testing will still be important, contributing to ubuntu quality can be a daily task. There are activities you can perform any day and anytime in the cycle. The roles pages list activities for each role that can be done right now. If you are a tester, check out the activities you can do right now to help!
More exploratory testing
We're iterating faster and faster. Builds of new code are landing each day, and in some cases several times a day. We can't afford to only test every other week with cadence testing. Instead, we've ramped up efforts to automatically test on each of these new builds. But we still need manual testing!
As a tester you can provide testing results for images, packages and hardware at any time! In addition, exploratory testing is highly encouraged. This is were we as manual testers shine! I want to encourage ongoing exploratory testing all throughout the cycle. Run and use the development version of ubuntu on your machine all the time!
Tackling some big projects
One of the things I wanted to push us as a team towards was tackling some projects that have a wider impact than just us. To that end, you can see several big projects on the activities pages for each role.
For testers, we are undertaking making reporting issues better for users. For the test writers, one of the largest projects is spearheading the effort to make manual image testing less burdensome and more automated by automating ubiquity testing. And for developers, the autopilot emulators are big projects as well and need help.
More involvement with bugs
As a quality community with interact with many bugs. Sometimes we are finding the bug, other times we might confirm them or verify a fix works. However, we haven't always gone the extra step towards doing work with SRU verifications and bug triage. The bugsquad and others have traditionally performed these tasks. If you'll notice these activities are now encouraged for those in the tester role. Let's dive more into the bug world.
A potential expansion of the team
With the mention of the bugsquad and the encouraged involvement with bugs for our team, I would like to propose a union between the quality and bugsquad teams. I would encourage current bugsquad members to take up tester roles, and consider some of the additional opportunities that are available. For those who have been testing with the quality team in past cycles, let's get more invovled with bugs and traditional bugsquad activities as mentioned above.
Making a quality LTS
Trusty Tahr is going to be the next LTS release. Those of you who remember and use Precise will agree that it is going to be a tough act to follow. The bar is set high, but I am confident we can reach it and do better.
We can't do this alone. We need testers, test writers, and developers! If you are interested in helping us achieve our goal, please join us! Now is an excellent time to learn and grow with the rest of us on the team. Thanks for helping making ubuntu better!
Recently the ansible apt module got fnmatch (shell) style wildcard support for installing packages. Aparently this broke the workflow for some users who passed a “*” via a variable to apt to get the candidate version installed.
A more descriptive way of achiving this is to use the one of the special words “candidate”, “installed”, “newest” in the version tag or in the release tag.
For example you can write:# apt-get install ansible/newest (or) # apt-get install 2vcard=candidate
As in the ansible case, this can be a useful default for script that calcuclate a version and need to fallback to a default.
Today’s clinic included:
- A discussion of launcher placement,
- Brad Well’s Bible app – general design guidance
- Michael Zanetti’s uAuthenticator app – general design guidance, plus a discussion of naming and how names appear in the dash and in the app header
The next clinic is on Wednesday 6th November. We love discussing design, so please send any designs and/or questions to firstname.lastname@example.org.
I gave a lightning talk at Linuxcon about KDE and Kubuntu highlighting some of the mega rollouts with Kubuntu such as the one which is about to take over Taipai.
Dan Shearer wins my award for nicest guy at the conference by introducing me to Cloudsoft who are interested in providing some cloud power to Kubuntu and generally making sure I've enough energy (I just came out of eye surgery so feeling fragile). Here giving a talk on zero knowledge proofs.
It has been over 2 months since the Ubuntu Edge campaign concluded, and I haven’t really blogged about it. I must say, driving something like this was great fun but also a fully immersive 24-7 experience. For that reason, I wanted some time to pass before write some conclusions about it.
One of the things that made the Ubuntu Edge campaign to stand out from previous crowd funding projects was the target: $32 Million. Other successful projects (I will focus only on products) had much lower targets (~$100K). So, why was this the case?
If your company has already raised capital via “standard” funding routes or you are actively pursuing it, a successful crowd funding campaign will reduce the overall amount of equity you have to give away. It can also attract that elusive VC investment. In this situation, your objectives are:
- Proof the product viability
- Remove doubts from future investors minds
- ensure your campaign and your product are perceived as a successes
An early achievement of your campaign target will tick all these boxes. A “sold out” effect in the first week will increase the confidence of future pledgers and investors. In that case, a campaign target of $100K can be the magic number for you.
In the other hand, if crowd funding is your only or main avenue to finance your product, your objectives will be slightly different. These were ours:
- Proof the product viability
- Finance product design and factory tooling
- Finance a fix/minimum production run
- Market validation
An early achievement of your target is still desirable, but your main worry will be to raise enough money via the campaign to deliver on your promises to the pledgers.
Although we raised over $12 Million, we did not reach our intended target. The Ubuntu Edge was a unique proposition that was build on the premise of delivering the latest cutting edge technology. Unfortunately, this meant that we could not pursue what I think is a better approach for 100% crowd funded products: a multi-campaign project.
In a crowd funding campaign, people contribute for different reasons:
- The Angels: Angels are interested in supporting new innovation. They might not even necessarily want to own your product, but they appreciate the disruption you are trying to bring to the market. For these reason, they are willing to contributed from a little as $1 to thousands of dollars to see your project succeed.
- The Extended Team: These are passionate individuals that understand your product concept and they want one! Not only they are willing to part with some money to get one, but they are also willing to contribute their own time and energy to make your product successful. They are a great source of professional and amateur resources. The contributions we got for Ubuntu Edge ranged from advise on how to run the campaign by serious knowledge people, to PR (T-shirt designs, websites, ads) to product design.
- The Pragmatists: Your product might look good, but your project might just be too risky. Crowd funding projects are developing a bit of a reputation for shipping late or even worst, never happening. Pragmatist might be put off from contributing to your project is the perceived risk is too high. Some key questions they would like answer to are: Who are you? What is your proven record? Do you have a proto-type working? Do you have suppliers ready to go? but they all ultimately boil down to one: Can I trust you?
- The Shoppers: Although, it should be clear to everyone that crowd funding is not the same that shopping in Amazon, similar motivations may apply. Shoppers will compare backing your project with buying a similar product online. Things they will care about: Are you offering a good deal? How long will it take for me get the product? What warranties do you offer?.
Pragmatists and shoppers form the bulk of the backer community out in the wild. If you are just getting started with your product development, you might find that addressing the concerns of pragmatists and shoppers is just not possible. In that case, financing your product development via multiple crowd funding projects might be a better option.
Target your first project to attract angels and extended-team. Set a campaign target that will allow you to build a prototype and start seriously talking to suppliers. Build up your credibility by delivering the first project on time.
For your second project, you will have had reduced the risk and the time to product delivery substantially. You might now be able to raise the rest of the funding or your might need a couple more iterations. Here is how the people at +Pool are doing it:
Linus is visiting Edinburgh today for a Q&A session at LinuxCon.
Asked where he'd like to see Linux in 5 years time he said he started Linux because he wanted to use it on his desktop but he's been disappointed how that hasn't taken off. He wishes desktop communities would stop arguing amongst competing technologies and would work together. How true. (And I continue to feel smug about being part of a community which hasn't started a new project to replace any desktop or desktop technology).
Nothing to report this week.
Release Metrics and Incoming Bugs
Release metrics and incoming bug data can be reviewed at the following link:
Milestone Targeted Work Items
Nothing to report here until after vUDS Nov 19-21.
Status: Trusty Development Kernel
The ubuntu-trusty git repo is officially open,
git://kernel.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ubuntu-trusty.git . It’s been rebased to
the latest v3.12-rc6 upstream kernel. We have not yet uploaded to the
archive but will likely do so soon.
Important upcoming dates:
Thurs Dec 19 – Alpha 1 for opt-in flavors (~8 weeks away)
The current CVE status can be reviewed at the following link:
Status: Stable, Security, and Bugfix Kernel Updates – Saucy/Raring/Quantal/Precise/Lucid
Status for the main kernels, until today (Oct. 15):
- Lucid – Building Kernels
- Precise – Building Kernels
- Quantal – Building Kernels
- Raring – Building Kernels
Saucy – Building Kernels
Current opened tracking bugs details:
For SRUs, SRU report is a good source of information:
Open Discussion or Questions? Raise your hand to be recognized
The next kernel team meeting will be after vUDS on November 26th, 2013.
Not so recently, the command unity --reset was deprecated when Unity migrated its settings from gconf to gsettings. This happened in the 12.10 development cycle and as a result, there was no easy way to quickly reset the Unity configuration in 12.10 and later.
In order to fix that, we bundled a script with unity-tweak-tool which resets Unity configuration for you. The script utilizes gsettings API and is considered more secure than using dconf reset.
To use it, run the commandunity-tweak-tool --reset-unity
in a terminal. After doing so, log out and log back in again. You should hopefully have a Unity profile that was reset.
If in the unfortunate case you run into a bug or other anomaly, please consider filing a bug report against unity-tweak-tool on Launchpad. We will try our best to fix it for you.
For the attentive ones, it is in fact the same script that was posted on Ask Ubuntu. It should have made it into the Unity source code but we got lazy and Mir was announced; everything got thrown
into the backburner and we took the easy way out and just rolled it into unity-tweak-tool.
Is your Planet really awesome? Could it be more awesome?
Please click through for Poll Question #6. Thanks in advance for participating.
I am asking some basic questions in order to gauge the audience, relevance, and usefulness of Planet Ubuntu. I have my opinions, but I would like to see what the data says.
All poll results will be summarized and published here.
Got an idea for an enhancement for Planet Ubuntu? Please share it! Let the world know.
Not an Ubuntu member (and can't post to Planet Ubuntu)? If you have a poll question you'd like me to ask, just ask (in the comments)!
Many of you will have heard about Ubuntu’s convergence goals on the client side — running a single, consistent code-base and experience that adapts to phones, desktops, tablets, and TVs…but are you aware of our convergence on the cloud?
Ubuntu and our cloud orchestration service, Juju, provides a platform and the tools to be able to deploy your service (from a simple blog to a full enterprise and production deployment) across a range of clouds…be it a public cloud, private cloud, or bare metal. Prototyping, staging, deploying to production, and scaling up are simple.
At the heart of Juju are the charms…the range of components that form a service (e.g. WordPress, Hadoop, Mongo, Drupal etc). Inside each charm is an encapsulation of best practice from domain experts for each component that automates how charms relate together in your service. Best practice connected to best practice in a service that easily scales is the backbone of Juju.
In much the same way we are building a consistent experience and set of features that run across phones, desktop, tablets, and TVs, we are also building a consistent experience and set of tools for delivering services across different clouds, bare metal, or local containers. Ubuntu for clouds is not merely bound to a single cloud…the point is that what matters is your service and you can easily migrate your service between public and private clouds and bare metal. Again, a converged experience across multiple services.
On the client side this convergence means a more consistent user experience with no fragmentation, consistent platform for deploying content across devices that is cheaper to deploy, and makes multiple product lines available to vendors and builds institutional knowledge across different product lines.
On the cloud side this convergence means that you are in control of your service. When you or your staff know how to use Ubuntu and the cloud orchestration tools we provide (such as Juju), you are in control of your service and you can prototype and deploy it where you want easily, whether a private or public cloud or bare metal, scale out when required, and build consistent institutional knowledge.
What makes Ubuntu on the cloud even more interesting is that Juju GUI also crosses the chasm between service topology on the office whiteboard and a running service – you can literally draw your service and everything spins up effortlessly.
Ubuntu is all about convergence and bringing simplicity and power to our devices, to our clouds, and all powered by Open Source.
It certainly looks like LG will launch some sort of Chrome device as evidenced by the trademark application submitted recently.
tmWatch writes LG has submitted trademark applications for the following.
Quoted from the application …
Class 9: Projectors; head phones; mobile phones; television receivers; speakers for television; universal serial bus (USB) drives; monitors for computers; laptop computers; computers; digital versatile disc (DVD) players; portable hard disk drives for computer; apparatus for recording, transmission or reproduction of sound or images; computer application software; audio receivers; settop boxes; car speakers; speakers for home theaters; audio-video (AV) receivers for home theaters; convertible computers; tablet computers
Coming to the party fashionably late does have its advantages. If LG were to follow HP’s lead and offer a similar quality mid-range Chromebook with a Snapdragon 600 or 800 SoC, backlit keyboard, and all day operation from the battery; I believe this would be an instant success.
LG does have a strong relationship with Qualcomm.
Welcome to the Ubuntu Weekly Newsletter. This is issue #339 for the week October 14 – 20, 2013, and the full version is available here.
In this issue we cover:
- Ubuntu 13.10 (Saucy Salamander) released
- Quantal, raring, saucy…
- Ubuntu Stats
- Results of the LoCo Council Meeting – Oct 15th 2013
- UbuCon in Heidelberg
- A Little San Francisco 13.10 Release Party
- Michael Zanetti: Ubuntu SSO on Touch
- Ubuntu Women: “What People Are Doing” Wiki Page Story Call
- Jussi Schultink: Kubuntu polo shirts have arrived!
- Rick Spencer: Rick’s Ubuntu for Phones FAQ
- Ubuntu App Developer Blog: A new mobile force emerges: announcing Ubuntu 13.10 for smartphones
- Randall Ross: Planet Awesome! Poll #3, #4 & #5
- Jason Gerard DeRose: Why System76 always ships the newest Ubuntu release
- Jono Bacon: Reflections On Ubuntu 13.10
- Charles Profitt: Planet Awesome!
- Canonical News
- Preloaded Linux systems: Weighing the options
- In The Blogosphere
- Other Articles of Interest
- Featured Audio and Video
- Weekly Ubuntu Development Team Meetings
- Upcoming Meetings and Events
- Updates and Security for 10.04, 12.04, 12.10, 13.04 and 13.10
- And much more!
The issue of The Ubuntu Weekly Newsletter is brought to you by:
- Elizabeth Krumbach Joseph
- Paul White
- And many others
Except where otherwise noted, content in this issue is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License BY SA Creative Commons License